Solar photovoltaic (PV) technology converts sunlight directly into electricity. It works by harnessing the energy in sunlight to create an electrical current through a semiconductor material.

The basic components of a solar PV system are:

Solar panels (also called photovoltaic modules) made up of multiple solar cells connected in series.
An inverter that converts the direct current (DC) produced by the solar panels into alternating current (AC) that can be used in homes and businesses.
Electrical wiring that connects the solar panels to the inverter and the inverter to the electrical grid or battery storage system.
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